This is what is covered in this level:
“The past is never where you think you left it.”
― Katherine Anne Porter
So far you have been learning and you have been focussed on expressing your needs, asking for services or favours, or expressing your likes and dislikes, but it is said that as much as 80% of our lives occur in past tense. Listen to yourself for a moment and you’ll realise that most of what you say it’s either in past tense or near future, not much in present tense, amazed by this? We too! For that reason ladies and gentlemen we give you…
Level 3 is one our favourites at The Spanish Cat. It nicely complements levels 1 and 2.
In our level 1 you worked with present tense only, then came level 2 and gave you a way to talk in future, but with level 3 your speech will be so much complete.
Suddenly the number of things that you can talk about will double!
Besides this, we want to continue to get to know you, what you are like now, but also what you were like before. And what better way to do this but to learn some past tenses, so we can now not only share our present and future but our past as well.
Irregular verbs + Direct and Indirect Object
Reviewing Direct Object (Lo, Los, La, Las) and Indirect Object (Le, Les) by talking about holidays in our countries.
Verbs to describe a normal day in our lives (Pronominal Verbs)
Verbs that always use SE. ARREPENTIRSE, ENAMORARSE, QUEJARSE, etc..
Verbs that change nuance or meaning with SE. DORMIR-DORMIRSE PONER-PONERSE etc…
Pronominal verbs with or without preposition. ACORDARSE DE, ATREVERSE A etc.
Talking about our daily activities and our habits.
Some Uses of the form SE
For unintentional actions/accidents that affect someone.
Expressing actions emphasising the affected object or person.
Going shopping for clothes, being able to give option on how clothes look on someone or oneself.
PAST TENSE: Preterite and Imperfect
Uses or values
Preterite as an indicator of a delimited action and completely finished at the moment we are speking. Bebí un café I had a coffee.
Expressing actions without any effect or repercussions in the present. Me bañé, desayuné y me fui a trabajar. I showered, I had breakfast and I went to work.
Common adverbs used with preterite: yesterday, last night, last week, etc…
Talking about what we did on a week end or on a specific day and evaluating the experience.
Uses or values:
To talk about indefinite or unlimited actions with certain duration in the past.
Continuity or simultaniety in the past.
Actions we wanted to perform but didn’t achieve.
To show courtesy.
Talking about our lives in the past, how we’ve changed, our past habits, what we were like.